Norwegian word list - B
b. (abbreviation for "barn") - children
bg. (abbreviation for "bondegods") - land
owned by the farmers themselves, not by
the king or the church
Bg./Ber. (abbreviation for "Bergen") -
city on the southwest coast of Norway
br. (abbreviation for "bruk") - farm. (Note:
Norwegian farms were usually subdivided
over the centuries into smaller "bruk". Each
of these "bruk" were numbered 1, 2, 3, 4,
etc. Many "bruk" were only about 5 to 15
acres in size)
br. (abbreviation for "bruker"; also
spelled "brukar") -
farmer
br. heile g. (abbreviation for "bruker
heile gården") -
used the whole farm
bs. (abbrev. for "busett") - settled,
residing in
baadbygger - boat builder
baadfører - boatman (ferryman)
baadsmand - boatswain
baaren - carried
baaret - carried (archaic)
bære - to carry
bäck - brook, rivulet
backe - hill
backstugusittare - owner of small cottage
and small piece of land
båd - boat (archaic)
båda - both
badare - bagnio keeper, public bath keeper
bade - as well as
badhustru - bathing woman in a public
house
baegge - both
bagare - baker
bage - bake (archaic)
bager - baker (archaic)
bagermester - master baker (master in the
bakers guild) (archaic)
bagersvend - baker apprentice
bägge or bëgge - both or either
bågskytt - archer, bowman
bake - bake
baker -
baker
bakermester - master baker
bakke - hill
bälgtrampare - bellows treader
bandväfvare - ribbon weaver
baneman - murderer
bangårdvaktare - watchman at railroad yard
bank - bank
banker -
banker
bankmand - bank employee
banksjef - bank manager
bankfunksjonær - bank clerk
bann - excommunication
bannlyse - excommunicate
baptisans (L) - baptizing priest, minister
baptisma (L) - baptism
baptista, baptizata, baptisatus,
baptizatus (L) -
baptize
bar - carried
bar barnet - held child at baptism
bära - to bear, to carry
bärare - porter, bearer
barber - barber
bardscher - minstrel
bare - only
båret - carried
bark - bark/barque (type of vessel)
barn - child/children
barn gå Med - to be with child or pregnant
barn u.e. ("uekte") - illegitimate child, child
born out of wedlock
barna - children
barnet - child, the child
barnbarn - grandchild, grandchildren
barndom -– childhood, infancy
barndop, barnedaab - christening
barnefader - father (illegitimate)
barnesykdom - childhood disease
barneårene - childhood
barnebarn - grandchild/grandchildren
barnebarnsbarn - great-grandchild
barnebarns gutt - great-grandson
barnebarns pike - great-granddaughter
barnföderska - childbed woman
barnhus - orphanage
barnlärare - teacher of children
barnlaus (nn) - childless
barnløs - childless
barnmorska - midwife
barnpiga - nursery maid
barnsbörd - childbearing, childbirth
barnseng (dø i) -  (die in) childbirth
barnskola - school for children
barnsäng - childbed, lying in
barnsangsfeber - puerperal fever, infection
of the placental site following delivery or
miscarriage which is usually minor but can
cause death if untreated
barnsnöd - labor, travail
baron - baron
barsel - confined to bed
barselfeber - puerperal fever, child-bed
fever
barselseng - childbed
barskog - coniferous forest (fir and spruce)
bartender - bartender
båt - boat, ship
bataljon - battalion
båtsfånglina - painter
båtsman - boatswain or a petty officer on a
merchant ship having charge of hull
maintenance and related work
b.b. - carried or held child at christening
be - pray, ask
beatus, beata, beati (L) - bury, buried
bebadare - announcer, advertiser, harbinger
bebodde - inhabited
beboer - occupant, resident
beckbrännare - pitch burner
bedagad, bedaget - aged, old
bededag - prayer day
bedemand - undertaker
bedrive hor, bedrifve hoer - commit
adultery
bedstefader - grandfather
bedstemoder - grandmother
befolkning - population
befalingsmand - officer (army)
befallningshafvande - commander, chief
befallningsman - bailiff, headman
beg., begr. - burial
begravelsesdagen - day of burial
begavet - gifted
begge - both
begivenhet - occurrence, event
begrave, begrava, begravede - bury
begravelse, begrafuelse - burial
begravet, begraven, begravning,
begravede -
buried
begravningsbok - record of burials
begynna - to begin, commence, beginning
begynnare - beginner
behandle - handle, treat, manage
behärskare - ruler
behärrskarinna - mistress, sovereign
behöfvande - needy, indigent, wanting,
poor
bekänna - to confess, to own, to
acknowledge
bekännelse - confession
bekk - brook
beledsagare - companion, guard, attender
bemerkning - remark
ben - 1) leg, 2) bone
benämnd - called
benåde - pardon
benekte - deny
benåde - pardon
berg - mountain, hill
bergkunning - mineralogist
bergman - miner
bergmästare - mine master or foreman
bergråd - counselor of mines
bergsbo - mountaineer, highlander
bergsfogde - bailiff of mines
bergshaptman - supervisor of mines
bergsman - miner
berider - riding master
berustad - bound to furnish a trooper
besetning - livestock, crew
besittare - possessor, owner
besittelse - possession
beskånda - search, survey, view, look
beskrivelse - description
beslagkarl - excise man
beslekted - related
besofva - to lie with a woman
besofvare - bedfellow
besøk - visit
besökare - visitor
bestefar - grandfather
besteforeldre - grandparents
bestemor - grandmother
besøk - visit
besøkende - visitor
besvangret - made pregnant
betale - pay
betalte, betalt - paid
betaye - pay
betjent - servant, policeman
betyg - certificate
bevakande - guard, watch over
beväring - conscript, recruit
bevilge, bevilgning - grant, permission
bevis - proof
bg.  - abbreviation for "bondegods"
biavler - beekeeper
bibliotek - library
bibliotekar - librarian
bielkehugger - lumberjack
billedhugger - sculptor
billedskaerer - carver
binamn - byname, nickname
bind - volume
biologisk- (far, sønn, etc.) -  blood-
biological father, son, etc.
biografi - biography
biografisk - biographical
birfilare - scraper, fiddler
birkedommer - district judge
bisette - read the funeral sermon
bisettelse - funeral service
bisittare - assessor, assistant judge
biskop, bisp - bishop
bisofverska - concubine
bispedømme - diocese
bissekraemmer - peddler
blandkorn - mixture of two types of grain,
usually oats and barley
bl.a., bland annat - among other things
blant - among
ble, bli (nn) - became, be
bleckslagare - tinsmith
blekare - bleacher
blend - mix, mingle, blend
blev - was
blikkenslager - tinsmith
blind - blind
blod - blood
blodgang - dysentary
blodskam - incest
blommist - florist
blonde, blønder - peasant, farmer
blystöpare - plumber, lead molder
bo - 1) probate estate, 2) in place names it
means farm, 3) to live at
bodbetjent - shopkeeper’s clerk
bode, bodde - lived, resided
bøddel - executioner
boddräng - servant in a shop
bödel - executioner, hangman
bodelning - distribution of probate estate
bodflicka - shop maid
bodgosse - shopkeeper’s apprentice, shop
boy
bødker - cooper, barrel maker
boede - lived, resided (archaic)
boelsmand - cottager (small farmer)
bofast - landed, permanent resident
boflyttning - removal
boghandler - bookseller
bogholder, bogfører - bookkeeper
bogtrykker - printer
bok - book
bokbinder, bokbindare - bookbinder
bokförare, bokhållare -
bookkeeper, clerk
bokhandler - bookseller
bokstav - letter in the alphabet
boktryckare - printer
boktryckaregosse - printer’s apprentice
boleri - fornication
bolig - residence, domicile
bondby - village of farms
bonddräng - farmer’s man
bonde - peasant, farmer
bondegods - land owned by the farmers
themselves, not by the king or the church
bondegård - farm
bondelensmand - rural policeman
bønder - peasant, farmer
bondflicka - country girl
bondhustru - country woman, wife
bondpiga - peasant maid
bondspelare - country fiddler
bondstand - peasantry, farmers
boneman - match maker
boning - residence
bopel - residence, domicile
bopæl - residence, domicile (archaic)
boqvinna - mother of a family
börd - childbirth, delivery
bördskrifter - list of births
boren - born
borgare, borger - freeman, resident of a
city (from German “burgher”) who had
permission to engage in a profession or
trade
borgerbok - listing of all persons in a city
who had permission to engage in a
profession or trade.  See "borger"
borgerlig ekteskap - civil marriage
borgermester - mayor
borgerskap - citizenship, trade license
borgesman - bondsman
borgmästare, borgmester - mayor
børn - children (archaic)
born – child, children
borstbindare, børstenbinder  - brush
maker
bortgang - deceased
bortgifta - to marry, give in marriage
bosatt - to live
bosette seg - to settle
boskap - cattle
boskapshandlare - cattle dealer
boskapshjord - herdsman, herd of cattle
boskapsläkare - veterinarian
boskifte - settlement of an estate
boskytt - gunner
bosmed - gunsmith
bøssemager, børsemager - gun maker
bossmand - garbage collector
bostad, bosted - place of residence,
domicile
boställe - farm, residence
bostock - gun charger
bot - fine
botanist - botanist
bøtelagt - to have been fined
bouppteckning - estate inventory
br. - brother
braendehugger - wood cutter
braendevinsbraender - distiller
bråck - hernia
bråd död - sudden death, deceased
brådmogen - prematurely ripe
brand, brann - fire
brandmand, brannmann - fireman
brandskada - fire damage
brandvakt - fire watch
brannmester - fire company officer
brännvinsadvocat - reputable lawyer
brännvinsbrännare - distiller of brandy
braut - broke
brefbärare - postman
brensel - fule
brev - letter, correspondence
briles - use, employ
bro - bridge
broder - brother (archaic)
broderbarn -
brother’s child
broderdatter - brother’s daughter (niece)
brodersøn - brother's son (archaic)
brodherre - employer
brofogde - surveyor of bridges
brofoged - bridge master
brolaegger - paver
brollop - wedding, nuptials, marriage
bror - brother
brorsdatter - brother's daughter, niece
brorsønn, brorson - brother's son, nephew
bröstarvinge - heir
bröstfeber - pectoral or chest area infection
and fever
brostsjuka - sickness in the pectoral or
chest area
brostvattensot - pectoral or chest dropsy
or water retention, hydropneumonia
brottare - wrestler
brottmålsdomare - sheriff, judge
brud, bruud - bride
brudefolk - bridal couple
brudesvenn - sponsor of bride
brudgom, bruudgom brudgum -
bridegroom
brudpar - bridal couple
brudvigsel - wedding
br. - abbreviation for "bruk"
bruk - farm, foundry, mill, industry
brukar - 1) tiller, tenant farmer, 2) user of a
farm
bruke - use, employ
brukere(are) - tenant farmer, leaseholder
bruker 1) tiller, tenant farmer, 2) user of a
farm
bruket - the farm
bruks - mill
bruksarbetare - foundaryman, millhand
bruksnummer - farm number
brukspatron - proprietor of an iron works
brules - use, employ
brunnsmastare - master of the wells
brunnsrensare - cleanser of the wells
brygger - brewer
bryggeri - brewery
brylling - second cousin
bryllup - wedding
brødre - brothers
budbärare - messenger
budeie - milkmaid
bukk, bukker - male goats
bukse - pants
buktalare - ventriloquist
bunad - Norwegian national costume
bundtmager, bundtmakare - furrier
bur - 1) lives (nn), 2) cage
bumerke - branding mark, branding iron
busett - settled, residing in
buskap - live stock
butikk - shop/store
by, bye - town/city
byfodge - bailiff or village
byfoged - town bailiff
bygd - small rural village or community
bygdebok - Norwegian local history book
with genealogy information
bygg - barley
bygge - to build
bygget - built
byggmästare - contractor, builder
bygmester - master builder
bygning - building
bygningssnedker - joiner
bygsla - leased land
bygsle, bygsler - to lease land
bygslet - leased land
bygsel - agreement for leasing land
byman - villager
byrå - department
byskriver - town clerk